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Governace

 

H.E. Prof. John Evans Atta Mills - President of The Republic of Ghan

The Constitution of the Fourth Republic, approved by a national referendum on 28 April 1992, makes provision for a multi-party political system. Executive power is vested in the President, who is Head of State and Commander-In-Chief of the Armed Forces. The President and the Vice President are elected by universal adult suffrage. The duration of the President’s tenure of office is limited to two four-year terms. Legislative power is vested in a 200-member uni-cameral Parliament, which is elected by direct adult suffrage for a four-year term. Ministers are appointed by the President, subject to approval by the Parliament. The Constitution also provides for a 25-member Council of State, principally comprising presidential nominees and regional representatives.

The civil law in force in Ghana is based on the Common Law, doctrines of equity and general statutes which were in force in England in 1874, as modified by subsequent Ordinances. Ghanaian customary law is, however, the basis of most personal, domestic and contractual relationships. Criminal Law is based on the Criminal Procedure Code, 1960, derived from English Criminal Law, and since amended. The Superior Court of Judicature comprises a Supreme Court, a Court of Appeal, a High Court and a Regional Tribunal. Inferior Courts include Circuit Courts, Circuit Tribunals, Community Tribunals and such other Courts as may be designated by law.
Fast Track Courts have also been established to speed up court trials and overhaul justice delivery in the country.

The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice and not fewer than nine other Justices. It is the final court of appeal in Ghana and has jurisdiction in matters relating to enforcement or interpretation of the Constitution.

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